The Aegeans ~3400BC-1100BC
- The Minoan civilization (named for King Minos) establishes on the island of Crete c.2900BC.
- This culture dominated the island and mainland Greece. A Greek people, the Mycenaeans (named for the city of Mycenae) grow in strength and take over control of both the island and mainland by 1400BC. Also by this time, earthquakes and fires wrecked the cities of Crete. It is suspected that these events give rise to the legends of Atlantis.
- The Mycenaean civilization will extend throughout Greece centered in more than 300 towns.
The Minoans & Mycenaeans
This 6 7/8″ terra-cotta statuette dates from 2000-1850BC, or what is considered the Middle Minoan era. It was found on the eastern coast of Crete. He wears a loincloth held in place with a leather belt (AKA girdle). Attached to his belt is a dagger and sheath. Archeologists believe that this statuette depicts a soldier.
This image is a 87″ tall fresco from a large vestibule in the south wing of the palace of Knossos. It depicts a the “Prince of Lilies”. His crown is truly a diadem decorated with lily blossoms with three long feathers emerging from a lily. He wears a phallustache, an apron and a tightly fitted belt.
This belt could be made out of fabric or leather and decorated with precious metals. It is believed that the purpose of this belt was to give the men a slender waist. It is possibly an example of body modification. He probably is wearing a loincloth as well.
Despite his royal status, notice that this prince is barechested. Clothing is decorative only.
This faience (earthenware decorated with opaque colored glazes) statue was found in a temple in Knossos and dates back to the 17th century BC. It depicts the Snake Goddess–the central deity of the early Aegean peoples. Evidence tells us that court attire for noble women was comprised ofthe garments depicted here.
These garments demonstrate a high skill level of sewing that most likely developed out of a desire to conserve the use of leather. The bodice laced up center front underneath the breasts. It is possible that a sheer piece of fabric would be tucked in the front of this bodice to cover the exposed bosom, but there is little concrete evidence to support this theory.
The bodice features evidence of many seams–including set in sleeves. She also wears a bell shaped skirt with multiple tiers of gathered flounces. Over her skirt she is wearing an apron, which was typically high on the sides and long in the front and back and could be heavily decorated. She could be wearing a tight fitted belt or girdle similar to those that we have seen the men wearing. It is believed that a tiny waist was just as favored in women, as it was in men.
TYPE OF DRESS: tailored.
SILHOUETTE SHAPE: hourglass with tiny waist (body modification)
BASIC GARMENTS: Men: bifurcated shorts and skirts (phallustache); Women: layered skirts, fitted bodice; Both: waist cinching belts, tunics (among mainland groups).
MOTIVATIONS FOR DRESS: Status and decoration
KEY IDENTIFIERS: bright colors and complex patterns painted and embroidered on the textiles, tiers of ruffles on cone shaped skirts, bodices created through complex seaming, bifurcated short garments for men, tiny waists created from rigid or padded belts, cone shaped headdress, snake iconography.